The African countries with the highest numbers of immigrants obtaining legal permanent residency in 2002 were Nigeria and Ethiopia.
In 2002, 8,129 immigrants from Nigeria obtained permanent resident status, followed by Ethiopia with 7,574, Egypt with 4,875, Somalia with 4,537, and Ghana with 4,256, according to the Department of Homeland Security Office of Immigration Statistics.
There are over 1 million African foreign born in the United States.
According to the US Census Bureau's American Community Survey (see related article), there were 1.0 million African foreign born residing in the United States in 2002.
The African foreign born make up 3 percent of the total foreign-born population.
Of the 33.0 million foreign born in the United States in 2002, 1.0 million or 3 percent were from Africa.
The largest group of African foreign born in the United States, by region of Africa, is made up of people from Western Africa.
Of the 1.0 million African foreign born, 35 percent were from Western Africa, followed by 26 percent from Eastern Africa, 20 percent from Northern Africa, 7 percent from Southern Africa, and less than 3 percent from Middle Africa, according to the 2002 American Community Survey (see Table 1 and Box 1).
Only one in every three African immigrants is a naturalized citizen.
According to the US Census Bureau, 34 percent of all African foreign born were naturalized citizens in 2002, while 66 percent were non-citizens..
Effects of Immigration
on the Santa Clara County and California economies
593, 683 total immigrants live in Santa Clara County
In 1990 immigrants made up:
25% of total Silicon Valley's Work Force
30% of high tech workers
- 32% of Scientists & Engineers in high-tech
SELECTED SILICON VALLEY COMPANIES FOUNDED BY IMMIGRANTS
RegimeIsolatesTown, Cuts Phone Lines
“Death is preferable than a life without justice and liberty… .” Those were the words on the lips of young Yenesew Gebre as he set himself ablaze at a public meeting that was being held in Waka Town in Ethiopia in hopes of settling some severe differences between the indigenous people of the region and Ethiopia's oppressive regime. Yenesaw was protesting the ongoing brutal campaign against dissent led by the government of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi and the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front (TPLF.)....
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE – September 15, 2011
Two Popular Figures Detained as Corrupt Ethiopian
Regime Continues Arrests to Forestall Rebellion
More important opposition party leaders, journalists, and others popular with the people of Ethiopia were arrested earlier this week.
Popular Ethiopians Enskinder Nega and Andulalem Andargie Handcuffed, Jailed
The Ethiopian American Council (EAC) regrets to recount that the renowned Ethiopian journalist Enskinder Nega and Andulalem Andargie, the popular vice president of Unity for Democracy and Justice (UDJ), were handcuffed and hauled off to the government's infamous Makelawi Prison sometime Wednesday afternoon by regime security agents. These arrests come in the wake of over 30arrests made earlier in the week....
Ethiopian-Americans Celebrate a New Year by Honoring a Flag and a Heritage
San Jose, California – August 20, 2011 To celebrate the Ethiopian New Year and to honor the Ethiopian flag, leaders and members of the Ethiopian Americans Council (EAC) are encouraging all Ethiopians, Ethiopian-Americans, and their friends and families to join them at the Seventh Annual Ceremonial Ethiopian Flag Raising at New City Hall of San Jose on Thursday, September 8, at 12:00 noon.
The flag raising will mark the beginning of a week-long celebration of the Ethiopian New Year. This special civic ceremony is a salute to the Ethiopian flag and a heartfelt remembrance of Ethiopian roots and heritage. San Jose is the only city in the nation to have established this traditional, annual acknowledgment of the heritage and history of Ethiopian-Americans. When the Ethiopian flag was first flown over New City Hall in 2005, it was an historical event in that no other foreign flag had been so honored in the history of the city. ....
Though the Ethiopian people have themselves known it for a long time, it should once again become apparent to the world community that the repressive regime in Addis Ababa is using the long-term aid from democracies around the world to stifle the democratic aspirations of this important but economically deprived African country.
Nations on the Horn of Africa – Eritrea, Somalia, and to a lesser degree, Kenya – are all experiencing another severe drought this year, along with Ethiopia. The repressive regime of Meles Zenawi has been diverting all aid to the country only to those who are supportive of his party, the Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF), leaving many thousand of his fellow citizens in dire and life-threatening circumstances.....
Ethiopians are joining the waves of changes that are sweeping Middle East and North Africa. On March 7 and 9, 2011, Ethiopians in Gamu Gofa peacefully protested against political repression as well as depressed economic conditions. The regime’s security apparatus rounded up and forcefully took protesters to the notorious prison in Araba Minch City. Twelve people were shot dead senselessly....
Washington Should Take Proactive Measures in Ethiopia
January 30, 2011
The events in Tunisia and Egypt have unveiled Washington’s foreign policy flaws in Africa. In both cases, Washington tolerated despotic regimes because they served a particular purpose. However, in the wake of the upheavals in both countries, Washington is now scrambling to devise strategies to control events and to formulate policies to reflect the new political reality. But the crisis seems to be spreading through the region like a wildfire, since the people of Sudan also have joined the bandwagon.....
Mideksa--an Emblem of Ethiopia’s Hope for Freedom
On October 6, 2010, Birtukan Mideksa, a prominent Ethiopian political prisoner was released from prison after being forced to make a public confession admitting to have broken the law. This well-orchestrated political theater was shown live on the government ran media to humiliate Mideksa, and to demonstrate the regime’s supremacy over the opposition camp.
Since the election that took place in 2005, Mideksa has been a fierce advocate for change in the political life of the country, which has earned her national as well as international notoriety. As a result, she became a target for persecution by the TPLF/EPRDF’s political machine, and subjected to an ongoing political intimidation and even imprisonment.
Mideksa was sentenced to life in prison on bogus charges in 2008, thus taking her away from her baby girl. She endured cruel treatments at the hands of her captives, and was kept in complete isolation for five months in a tiny prison cell. Thus, it was by coercion that the regime managed to obtain a confession from her.....
His Holiness Abuna Melkesedek to be recognized
In commemoration of the Ethiopian New Year, on Friday, September 10, at noon, the San Jose Mayor, Vice Mayor and council members will raise the Ethiopian Flag at the San Jose City Hall.
His Holiness Abune Melketsedek, Archbishop of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in the United States of America and Canada, will be recognized for his significant contributions in the Ethiopian Orthodox churches. This ceremonial Flag Raising marks its sixth year. It is intended to be celebratory to help the community welcome 2003 (Ethiopian calendar). This special civic ceremony is an excellent exercise to keep tradition alive in every Ethiopian. Please bring friends and families dress in Green yellow and red to celebrate this important event ....
Place: 200 E Santa Clara Street
Date: Sep 10th 2010
Time: 12:00 Noon
United State Senators Feingold and Leahy have introduced a new legislation titled, Support for Democracy and Human Rights in Ethiopia Act of 2010. To reaffirm United States objectives in Ethiopia and encourage critical democratic and humanitarian principles ...Read text of the bill ....
“… history offers a clear verdict: Governments that respect the will of their own people, that govern by consent and not coercion, are more prosperous, they are more stable, and more successful than governments that do not. … In the 21st century, capable, reliable, and transparent institutions are the key to success -- strong parliaments; honest police forces; independent judges; an independent press; a vibrant private sector; a civil society. Those are the things that give life to democracy, because that is what matters in people’s everyday lives,” President Barack Obama’s Speech in Ghana, July 11, 2009.
The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) party will surely declare a landslide victory in the upcoming May 2010 local elections. The victory will come about because since the 2005 national elections, the party has moved aggressively to manipulate local elections, pass repressive legislations, and to ban free media in order to consolidate its power base throughout Ethiopia. ....
The Ethiopian Americans Council (EAC) encourages all North American Ethiopian expatriates to register, vote and actively participate in politics. In its mission to serve communities of Ethiopians residing in the US and Canada, EAC supports and encourages the many Ethiopians that are qualified to run for office in local and state levels where they live....
“The Ethiopian government is waging a coordinated and sustained attack on political opponents, journalists, and rights activists ahead of the May 2010 elections”, Human Rights Watch said in a recent report. On May 23, 2010, Ethiopians will vote in the first parliamentary elections in Ethiopia since 2005, when the post-election period was marred by controversy and bloodshed. Security forces loyal to Prime Minister Meles Zenawi killed 193 people in the aftermath of disputed 2005 elections and thousands more were jailed.
The Ethiopian Americans Council (EAC) is alerting elected officials and associates that the upcoming May 23rd elections are being rigged by the TPLF/EPRDF though rigorous control of the media, elections boards and the country’s security apparatus. The voting process should be is a form of free speech, but the EAC has compiled reports showing the Ethiopian election environment is already strained by shenanigans, widespread fears and undue pressure on voters by unfair and illegal vote canvassing. Ill-treatments, harassment, killings and imprisonment of opposition candidates, party members and their supporters are widespread.
Ethiopian Flag Flies Over Silicon Valley
In observance of Ethiopian New Year, on Sep 8th a US and Ethiopian Flag Raising Ceremony was held at the San Jose City Hall. The ceremony was truly a moment of pride and joy to see the flag of Ethiopia flying over in the heart of Silicon Valley.
Mayor Chuck Reed, Councilmember Sam Liccardo and several members of the City Council joined by Ethiopian Americans and friends of Ethiopia officiallydeclared the weeklong Ethiopian New Year celebration.This flag raising ceremony coincides with the festivities surrounding Ethiopian New Year and is in recognition of the many achievements, contributions, and successes of Americans of Ethiopia decent of this great valley. The community was extremely grateful to see Congressman Honda staffs attending the ceremony as well
San Jose Ethiopia Flag Rasing Deutsche Welle Coverage Sep 9th 2009
WASHINGTON, Dec. 3 — Although Rudolph W. Giuliani is campaigning as President Bush’s staunch ally in the war on terror, his law office has lobbied Congress on behalf of legislation that the Bush administration calls a threat to antiterrorism efforts in the Horn of Africa.
Mr. Giuliani was not personally involved in the lobbying last year on behalf of the company’s client, the American wing of a dissident Ethiopian political party known as the Coalition for Unity and Democracy, leaders of the group said.
But the firm, Bracewell & Giuliani, used Mr. Giuliani’s name in its pitch to win the assignment, and his clout was a reason it landed the job, said Seyoum Solomon, an Ethiopian-American from Maryland who helped negotiate the deal.
“He is a popular Republican, a good friend of the president and he might have some influence on the State Department,” Mr. Solomon said to explain the hiring decision.
The legislation sought by the dissidents proposes restrictions in American aid if Ethiopia does not agree to share power with opposition parties and take other steps promoting democracy. As part of its work, the Giuliani group set up a meeting at the White House last year at which the administration was urged to consider the viewpoint of a consortium of Ethiopian political parties that included Mr. Solomon’s group, as well as a more militant rebel organization.
The Ethiopian effort demonstrates the complications Mr. Giuliani confronts as he simultaneously runs for president and remains a name partner in a law firm that lobbies in Washington. He is the only Republican candidate who remains engaged in business pursuits.
The Bush administration supports the government in Ethiopia as a bulwark against terrorism and has characterized the legislation as a liability in that effort. ....
Democracy Versus Zenawi’s Power :
The Case of Ethiopian Society and HR 2003
November 27, 2007 — The real prospect of HR 2003 (Ethiopia Democracy and Accountability Act of 2007) becoming a US law is making the Ethiopian ruling party very nervous. Consistent with the nature of an oligarchic regime, it perceives democracy as a threat to its very existence. Thus, its multiple approaches, at home and abroad, to try to quash HR 2003 in the US Senate should come as no surprise to anyone.
In Ethiopia, Seyoum Mesfin, Minister of Foreign Affairs, is attempting to appeal to the nationalistic sentiment ofthe society by portraying the bill as the United States Congress’s attempt to “neo-colonize” Ethiopia. Such a desperate and reckless allegation by a high-level party official might have potentially ignited an anti-American sentiment throughout the country. However, thanks to the ruling party’s immense unpopularity, the Minister’s political demagoguery will have little or no impact. Such twisted allegations by a high-ranking official of the ruling party show the extent of their willingness to alienate Ethiopian society against the U.S. government to preserve the ruling party’s own power......
Ethiopian Americans Look Forward to
Senate Action On HR 2003
Under the leadership of Congressmen Donald Payne and Chris Smith, the United States House of Representatives unanimously passed HR 2003 (Democracy and Accountability Act of 2007). In doing so, they demonstrated their unequivocal support for democracy and human rights in Ethiopia.
We, the Ethiopian Americans Council (EAC), also have no doubt that the US Senate will quickly pass the bill.
HR 2003 is mutually beneficial for both Ethiopia and the United States’ interest in the Horn of Africa. The bill is critical toward building a long-term capacity in fighting terrorism. By pushing for human rights, democracy and stability in Ethiopia, the bill will benefit not only its 70 million citizens, but also work to influence positive outcome in neighboring countries.
Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) at the National Press Club's Washington, Oct 23 - 2007 I believe that neither we nor the international community has pushed the Meles government hard enough on human rights issues because we have been satisfied it cooperates with us to some extent in the war on terror. The war on terror is very important, but no regime that terrorizes its own citizens can be a reliable ally in the war on terror. Terrorism isn’t just a military issue. It is also a human rights issue. Terrorists come from countries where their governments fail to respect their human rights. In promoting human rights in Ethiopia, we are attacking terrorism at its roots.
Thank You, Congress for Passing HR 2003
Ethiopians now can breathe a sigh of relief knowing that the House of Representatives unanimously passed HR 2003, the Ethiopia Democracy and Accountability Act of 2007. The vote sent a powerful message that a democratic and economically viable Ethiopia can only be a true and durable ally to the United States. It also put the Ethiopian regime on its guard to change its abhorrent human rights record or face the consequence.
Getting congressional staffers to listen to his story about Ethiopia wasn’t easy at first, but Mekonen was persistent. And that persistence eventually led to the introduction of a bill aimed at creating peace in the region and bringing the perpetrators of human rights violations to justice.
The process started when Mekonen began communicating with the staff of Rep. Chris Smith (R-N.J.), chairman of the Africa, Global Human Rights, and International Operations Subcommittee of the House International Relations Committee. Smith was planning a trip to West Africa, and Mekonen jumped at the opportunity to suggest that the congressman make his way to the other side of the continent.
I told him that it would be a great service to the Ethiopian people if he would take a trip to Ethiopia and get that firsthand experience, Mekonen says. ...
Ethiopia:Congress Holds Human Rights Briefing (VOA)
An Ethiopian Commission of Inquiry report last month found that 193 people were killed in post-election violence in 2005. Some members of the commission who have defected said security forces used excessive force and even committed massacre. But the final report submitted to the Ethiopian parliament said security forces did not use excessive force. Democratic Congressman Donald Payne is a member of the House of Representatives Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights and International Operations. He talks with VOA English to Africa reporter James Butty about a briefing he and other members of congress are sponsoring today (Thursday) on human rights in Ethiopia ...
By Gus Constantine THE WASHINGTON TIMES November 9, 2006
An effort to call Ethiopia to account on its human rights record was side lined in Congress be fore it adjourned for the midterm elections, with some supporters of the bill blaming Dick Armey, a former House majority leader turned lobbyist.
New America Media, News Analysis, Donal Brown, Nov 07, 2006
SAN FRANCISCO – Politicans in Washington are balking on legislation to promote political justice in Ethiopia out of concerns over terrorists finding haven in the horn of Africa.
Sanctions on Ethiopia's government over harsh treatment of political opposition are being sacrified in hopes that Ethiopia will carry the torch in stemming the rise of terrorists in its neighboring country of Somalia
Keith Ellison would be the first African American
from Minnesota and Muslim ever elected to the U.S.
Congressman. It would also mark the first time in the
US history that the greater participation of Ethiopian
American voters. EAC pleased endorsing Mr. Ellison.
It is fact that Ethiopian Americans Council (EAC) made several attempts to get support of Congressman Richard Pambo on human rights issues in Ethiopia. It was very disappointing that for the last three years he gave his back to his Ethiopian Americans constituencies.
Ethiopian Americans Council (EAC) pleased to endorse Jerry McNerney’s candidacy for election to U.S. House of Representative. Jerry is the first candidate in the US history to be endorsed by Ethiopian Americans. EAC is impressed by his commitment to the well-being of Ethiopians.
To advance our legislative priorities on behalf of Ethiopian Americans, EAC is eager to work with him to address critical issues that affect the life of Ethiopian Americans.
We are fortunate to have a highly qualified candidate to step forward and willing to voice our issues in Washington. EAC urges district 11 of California Ethiopian American voters to support Jerry McNerney on Nov. 7
The Ethiopian Americans Council (EAC) is currently focusing on major states like California, Minnesota, Texas, Washington-Seattle, Washington-DC, Virginia and Maryland in mobilizing the eligible Ethiopian American voters to make their voices heard in the November election. EAC encourages registered voters to tell Congressional Candidates that the passage of HR5680 is the single most important agenda for the Ethiopian American community.Continue>>
In the spare moments before the lunch rush and then later before the dinner crowd arrives, Mesfin Mekonen, manager of the Reliable Source restaurant, works a second, unpaid job: lobbyist.
Mekonen, who moved to the United States from Ethiopia in 1972 at age 20, is the Washington representative for the Ethiopian-American Council, which is trying to add the Ethiopian diaspora to the list of prominent ethnic lobbying groups.
"Protecting the Democratic rights of the Ethiopian People:Reflection and Next Steps"
"Protecting the Democratic rights of the Ethiopian People:Reflection and Next Steps"
Sunday July 2nd 2006
Hilton Los Angeles Airport
5711 West Century Boulevard
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Press Release June 17, 2006
A Forum for the Future
The Ethiopian Americans Council (EAC) presents:
"Protecting the Democratic rights of the Ethiopian People: Reflection and Next Steps"
On July 2nd, 2006, the Ethiopian American Council (EAC) will hold a forum on " Protecting the Democratic rights of the Ethiopian People: Reflection and Next Steps" at Hilton Los Angeles Airport, 5711 West Century Boulevard Los Angeles California.
Distinguished guests will include, the Honorable Ana Gomes, Head of the 2005 European Union's Observer Mission to Ethiopia and member of the European Parliament, and Mr. Gregory Simpkins, a Professional Staff Member for the U.S. House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights and International Operation and adviser to the Chairman on Africa policy.
Other speakers include, distinguished Ethiopian legal scholars, political scientists and human rights advocates.
In order to make participation convenient for thousands of Ethiopians, the forum will take place in Los Angeles during the 23rd Ethiopian Sports Federation in North America (ESFNA). The forum will be used as a springboard to launch a nation-wide campaign and to organize Ethiopians and Ethiopian Americans with a view to making them a viable and influential community in the United States.
By almost all measures, the forum is a must attend. Mark your calendar to attend this rare event, which will be a turning point for the community at large.
Journalists must register via email@example.com to cover the event.
Support for Democracy and Human Rights in Ethiopia Act of 2010
S.3757 -- Support for Democracy and Human Rights in Ethiopia Act of 2010 (Introduced in Senate - IS) Click Here:
S.3757 Title: Support for Democracy and Human Rights in Ethiopia Act of 2010 Sponsor: Sen Feingold, Russell D. [WI] (introduced 8/5/2010) Cosponsors (1) Sen Leahy, Patrick J. [VT] Latest Major Action: 8/5/2010 Referred to Senate committee. Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations.